On 15 December, the Riksdag concluded this autumn's work on the 2018 budget. It has now been decided how the money is to be distributed among the budget's 27 expenditure areas.
On 22 November, the Riksdag voted in favour of the guidelines for economic policy and budget policy, that is expenditure limits and the estimated central government revenue proposed by the Government in the Budget Bill for 2018.
Between 29 November and 15 December, the Riksdag then decided how the money was to be distributed among each of the 27 different expenditure areas.
How the Riksdag works with budget proposals
The Budget Bill is the Government's proposal for the central government budget for the next year. The Government proposes how much money is to be used for example for labour market measures, the police and railways. The Government also submits proposals for estimated central government budget revenues and proposals for new and amended taxes.
The Budget Bill also contains proposals on how government operations in different areas are to be conducted. The scope of the various activities is decided by factors including how much money is to be distributed among the 27 expenditure areas and allocated to around 500 appropriations in the central government budget. The Budget Bill for 2018 is based on an agreement between the parties in government and the Left Party.
The Budget Bill for 2018 is available on the Government website
The general private members' motions period
The Budget Bill is presented during the general private members' motions period. The general private members' motions period normally begins at the start of the Riksdag session and finishes fifteen days after the Government has submitted the Bill to the Riksdag. During this period, members of the Riksdag can submit proposals (motions) on virtually any issue that the Riksdag can take decisions on. The general private members' motions period for 2017 finished on 5 December
Budget proposals from opposition parties
The opposition parties present their counter-proposals to the Government's budget proposals in private members' motions. They usually submit special economic policy motions in which they provide an overall presentation of their budget alternatives.
First, the Riksdag takes a decision on the size of the budget in general, i.e. the expenditure framework and estimated revenues. This is what the Riksdag did this year on 22 November when it voted in favour of the economic policy guidelines, expenditure limits and estimated central government revenue for 2018, as submitted by the Government in its Budget Bill.
Yes to the expenditure limits and revenue in the Budget Bill
The Riksdag then decided on appropriations in each of the 27 expenditure areas, after the various Riksdag committees had considered the appropriations at the end of November and the beginning of December.
On 15 December, decisions were taken on the last expenditure areas in the central government budget, which concluded the work on deciding the budget for 2018.