On 21 June, the Riksdag voted in favour of a declaration of no confidence in Prime Minister Stefan Löfven (Social Democrat). On 28 June, Stefan Löfven made a request to conclude his term as Prime Minister. On 29 June, Speaker Andreas Norlén began work on his proposal for a new Prime Minister. On 5 July, the Speaker proposed that the Riksdag appoint Stefan Löfven as Prime Minister again. The proposal was approved by the Riksdag on 7 July. Here is further information about the work with the process of forming a government this summer.
Once a new government is to be formed, it is the Speaker’s task to prepare a proposal for a new prime minister. The Speaker then has talks with all the representatives of the parties in the Riksdag to find out which candidate for prime minister has sufficient support to be approved as Prime Minister and form a government.
The rules of the Instrument of Government state that the present Government should remain in place as a caretaker government. A caretaker government deals with current issues but does not according to practice take any political initiatives.
The Riksdag votes on proposals for Prime Ministers
When the Speaker has established a proposal for a new Prime Minister and has consulted with the Deputy Speakers, the Riksdag votes on this proposal. If more than half of the members of the Riksdag vote against it, it will not be passed. Otherwise, it is adopted.
If the proposal for Prime Minister is adopted by the Riksdag, the Prime Minister must, as soon as possible after his/her appointment, notify who is to be included in the Government. Then, the Government takes office at a Council of State held at the Royal Castle, in which the head of state, i.e. the King, acts as Chair. The Speaker is also summoned to attend the Council.
However, if his proposal does not receive sufficient support, the Speaker must talk to party leaders again, consult with the Deputy Speakers, and then submit a new proposal. The Speaker is limited to four such processes only. If no proposal for a new Prime Minister receives sufficient support, extraordinary parliamentary elections must be held within three months.